Filyos Castle

Filyos Castle

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Filyos Ruins

Legend has it that the city was founded in 7th B.C. It was referred to by different names Tios, Tieion, Tianon, Tium) throughout history. An indigenous people called the Caucan in this region when the city was founded.

 Unable to form a political power throughout history and having fallen behind the shadow of Ereğli and Amasra, the city was burnt down and looted in 70 B.C. in the Roman period. It was then rebuilt and went on as a commercial and fishing city. Corn and grapes were grown and large quantities of Atlantic bonito and horse mackerel were hunted which were exported with ships by sea and by Filyos River. The city became an important religious center in 5th century A.D. during the Byzantine period. It gradually lost its importance during the Seljuk and Ottoman periods and turned into a small fishing village. Today; remnants of a castle, sea walls, aqueduct, vaulted gallery, theater, defense tower, and various tombs dated back to Roman, Byzantine, and Medieval periods can be seen above ground on the location of today’s Filyos Town. 

Scientific researches and excavations for the city of Tios have been going on since 2006. Presided by Prof. Dr. Sümer ATASOY, the excavations have unearthed structures and a wide range of pots and pans from the Hellenistic period (4th century B.C.) which shows the prosperity of trade at the time. The radar readings on fields to the south of the sea walls have also revealed buildings from the ancient city.

Drilling operations on the site have unearthed fortification walls from the Hellenistic period, ruins of buildings from the Roman-Byzantine period, coins from the Roman period and pieces of pots and pans. A structure likely to be a monumental square fountain was also found right by the sea wall. Two marble statue pieces were found during the cleaning operation at the theatre. Two epigraphists have archived all the Latin and Hellenic inscriptions found around the location and those in Ereğli Museum. The inscriptions have been under evaluation. In addition, a group of specialists have been drawing the architectural remains of all unearthed large and small findings. Researching and excavating the City of Tios is of utmost importance for the history and archaeology of the Black Sea region because it is the first and only ancient city to be excavated on the Black Sea coast of Turkey.

Documents and information to be obtained here are of similarly great importance. A large city will be unearthed with its roads, city square, bathhouse, religious buildings, houses and warehouses, stores, and tombs.


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