Unye Castle

Unye Castle


Unye Castle

Unye Castle was built on 200 meters high hill on the left side and 7th kilometer of Ünye-Niksar road. According to geologists, the castle was built on the craters of a passive volcano that was active in the Old Ages. The initial construction date of the castle dates back to 200-250 B.C. Mithridates II of Pontus, who was of Persian origin, was the first person to have this castle built on craters.

Each nation and civilization that crossed through the region and held it for a short or long time at various times in history used the castle and all of them made additions. The sepulchers were built in the sixth century. There are passages, wells, caves, royal tombs, old wall ruins, long tunnels at the castle. The wall ruins gave out architectural styles from Greek and Roman periods and partially from the Ottoman period. Ottomans, who were the last to use the castle, also made some additions. The castle was effectively utilized by Pontus and Romans who dominated over the region after the 10th century.  There are animal figures in color near the entrance gate which is half buried in the ground.

Twelve Royal Tombs

The castle was not built by a single nation at once, it was constructed by 40-50 nations and civilizations in two thousand years. There are tunnels and passages by the peak. The 3 meters-wide royal tomb on hard-to-reach southern walls is noteworthy. There are eagle figures symbolizing Byzantium at each three points of the triangle pediment. The tunnel appears to descending to the bottom when it is near the peak. Researches went down 485 stairs through the tunnel, further below is filled with stone and debris that fell from above. 

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